This report assesses the level of poverty and its distribution across geographic and socioeconomic domains. It shows that poverty rates are relatively lower in the south, an area characterized by high levels of conflict. It also indicates that there have been significant improvements in education, immunization and access to services. It further underscores the strong gender dimension of the exclusion and vulnerability patterns observed in Afghanistan. This is the first report presenting nationally representative estimates of wellbeing, thus providing key knowledge to understand the poverty situation in Afghanistan.
This report investigates food insecurity in Afghanistan with a focus on mapping provincial differences and an emphasis on understanding the impact of rising food prices on food insecurity. The report documents large variations in food security outcomes across geographic and economic groups in Afghanistan, reflecting the diversity of economic and social conditions. The findings suggest that poor households trade-off food quality for quantity as a way to cope with food price shocks. Given the extent of food insecurity in Afghanistan, the report highlights the genuine need for a national scaled-up and well-targeted safety nets program.
These briefs provide a summary of selected social and economic measures of individual and household wellbeing for each province of Afghanistan. The comparative perspective of the briefs is meant to help policy makers prioritize and better target interventions. The province-level statistics in these briefs complement the aggregate description of well being presented in the Poverty Status report. A key theme that emerges is that provinces that perform well on one dimension are not necessarily equally well off on other dimensions.